Planning and Brainstorming
​Planning & Brainstorming
​Before you start writing, generate and organize your thoughts about what you want to say. 
 
Consider first the type of writing you are asked to do; you may have to look closely at the prompt to figure out the type of writing. There are three main types: Expository, Narrative, and Persuasive
 
Writing Type ​Description Purpose​ Key Words from Prompt​
Expository / explanation ​Logical writing in which you explain a process or provide information. ​To inform explain, detail, how
​Narrative ​Descriptive writing in which you use the five sense to tell a story. ​To entertain describe, tell
Persuasive / analytical​ ​Argument-driven writing in which you persuade your reader to believe or accept your ideas. ​To convince persuade, why, analyze
 
WRITING PURPOSE
  1. What key words are in the prompt? (HINT: Look for verbs, i.e., describe, compare, identify, etc.)
  2. Who are you, the writer? (What image or persona do you want to project?)
  3. Based on the above, what is your primary purpose for writing?
    Expository (to explain)    Persuasive (to persuade)    Narrative (to entertain)
 
AUDIENCE
  1. Analyze your audience BEFORE you start writing, so you’ll know what format, style, vocabulary, or information is expected.
  2. What kinds of readers (audience) might you have?
  3. What questions would your audience have or ask?
 
STRATEGIES
  1. How will you brainstorm/prewrite/plan? (Venn diagram, t-chart, web, outline, bullet list, etc.)
  2. What organizational pattern will you use to convey your ideas?
    (comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, general to specific, etc.)